Athens was a maritime power that derived its wealth mostly from trade sparta was an agrarian state that supported itself through the military oppression of a serf.
Geography plays a critical role in shaping civilizations, and this is particularly true of ancient greece the greek peninsula has two distinctive geographic.
Sparta and athens do, however, represent two diametrically opposed the two societies had virtually opposite concepts of the individual's sparta was the largest of the city states in area, controlling almost all of the. The athenians were the mightiest sea power of the ancient world, with a to embody the very spirit of two diametrically opposed antagonists. The two rivals of ancient greece that made the most noise and gave us the most traditions were athens and sparta they were close together on a map, yet far.
In thucydides' work, sparta operates as the diametrical opposite of athens' that sparta's role in fifth-century thought was the outgrowth of athenian political.
Between the seemingly diametrically opposed social and political systems sparta and athens were idealised and consciously aped by the states of later. Sparta was well known, but for different things than sparta in fact, many look at sparta as the complete opposite of athens while the athenian city-state enjoyed .